Diving related Injuries
Scuba diving is an activity that requires a good physical condition and a completely functional anatomy of the ear, nose and paranasal sinuses. However, most divers only start to appreciate this fact after they incur an injury to this region. Consequently, more than 50% of a diver’s emerging injuries are related to an Otolaryngologist’s area of expertise and more than 90% of these problems are related to ear morbidity.
Normally the air pressure in the ear is equilibrated to atmospheric pressure, by the Eustachian tube. In fact the Eustachian tube is normally closed and opens during swallowing, yawning or actively by using the Valsalva Maneuver.
Anatomy of Facial Bones
Most diving-related otological injuries can be avoided if, the prospective diver, is well prepared and undergoes a thorough clinical ENT examination. The ENT -Neuro-otologist, of EYiasis, will assess the anatomical integrity and functionality of the paranasal sinuses and the nose. Moreover and most importantly the ENT specialist will assess the ears with special emphasis on the Eustachian tube.
At EYiasis, the ENT specialist will carry out a detailed examination, including: