Influenza is an acute disease of the respiratory system that occurs every year from autumn and the peak period for influenza in the northern hemisphere extending from November to March. It is caused by viruses and can affect people of all ages.
The incubation period is the time between exposure to the virus and the onset of symptoms of the disease. The incubation period for the flu is from two to four days.
Influenza or Common Cold?
The common cold is a mild infection often caused by a virus, different from those of the flu.
Separating the symptoms of the common cold from those of the flu can sometimes be difficult, but, in general, people with a common cold, runny or stuffy nose are more common symptoms.
While people with the flu:
Immunotherapy treatment is based on a century-old concept that the immune system can be desensitized to specific allergens that trigger allergy symptoms. These symptoms may be caused by allergic respiratory conditions such as allergic rhinitis and asthma.
Immunotherapy can potentially lead to lasting remission of allergy symptoms, and it may play a preventive role in terms of development of asthma, nasal polyps and new allergies.
Immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis
Sublingual immunotherapy has emerged as an effective and safer alternative to the subcutaneous route for both seasonal and perennial disease. Sublingual immunotherapy has also been shown to have long-term benefits has the big advantage of self-administration in the patient’s home.
Most patients will require 3-5 years of treatment to ensure good long term remission of allergies
The first results are visible after completing the first year of treatment. The best measure of successful treatment is the reduction in symptoms and the need for nasal sprays and antihistamines.
Snoring and Sleep Apnea
Snoring is the hoarse or harsh sound that occurs when breathing is obstructed in some way while sleeping. Sometimes snoring may indicate a serious health condition. In addition, snoring can be a nuisance to your partner. Snoring is due to incomplete obstruction of the upper airway.
Many habitual snorers have complete episodes of upper airway obstruction where the airway is completely blocked for a period of time, usually 10 seconds or longer. This silence is usually followed by snorts and gasps as the individual fights to take a breath. When an individual snores so loudly that it disturbs others, obstructive sleep apnea is almost certain to be present.
Unlike simple snoring, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a potentially life-threatening condition that requires medical attention.
The following conditions can affect the airway and cause snoring:
Heart problems due to Sleep apnoea
Anterior nosebleeds make up more than 90% of all nosebleeds. The bleeding usually comes from a blood vessel at the very front part of the nose. Anterior nosebleeds are usually easy to control, either by measures that can be performed at home or by a doctor.
Repeated nosebleeds may be a symptom of another disease such as high blood pressure, allergies, a bleeding disorder, or a tumor of the nose or sinuses
After the bleeding has stopped
Try to prevent any irritation to the nose, such as sneezing or nose blowing, for 24 hours.
Ice packs may help.
Exposure to dry air, such as in a heated home in the winter, can contribute to the problem.
Adding moisture to the air with a humidifier or vaporizer will help keep the nose from drying out and triggering more bleeding. Another option is to place a pan filled with water near a heat source, such as a radiator, which allows the water to evaporate and adds moisture to the air.
If the bleeding does not stop then medical intervention is required by an ENT surgeon, as nasal packing or cauterization may be required in order to stop the
Management of Nose-Bleeds
Spring has arrived bringing along renewal and the need to get out and enjoy nature. Spring for some people though, who suffer from allergic rhinitis, is a very difficult season, as it puts them in a constant challenge with the circulating allergens that cause them irritating symptoms.
Allergic rhinitis, also called hay fever, is an allergic reaction that causes sneezing, congestion, itchy nose and sore throat. Pollen, pet dander, mold and insects are the allergens responsible for these symptoms.
These symptoms can occur at any time of the year. Seasonal allergies occur in the spring, summer and early fall when trees and weeds bloom and pollen counts are higher. Perennial allergies can happen year-round. They result from irritants that are always around, such as pet dander, cockroaches and dust mites.
Acupuncture for Allergic Rhinitis
The goal of treatment is to achieve maximum symptomatic relief with as few side effects as possible. The most practical and effective treatment is based on avoiding allergens and alleviating symptoms with drugs, such as corticosteroids, decongestants, antihistamines etc.
Acupuncture: allergic rhinitis can be treated with acupuncture as it can relieve symptoms, starting from the first session. This holistic therapy can also increase the intervals between flare-ups.
If there is a seasonal distribution of the disease, it is advisable to repeat the treatment protocol before the onset of symptoms, but with fewer acupuncture sessions.
This ancient method strengthens the body’s immune system as a whole, thus helping it to react better to allergenic stimuli.
A runny nose and a blocked nose are the most common symptoms of a common cold, which afflict many of us, especially in the winter months. An easy solution, albeit a temporary one, is the use of a decongestant nasal spray. In fact, a medical prescription is not even required in order to purchase one in Greece and in most countries of the world.
Blocked Nose.Nasal Spray
Nasal sprays that contain only corticosteroids do not cause immediate decongestion, so there is no point in using them for colds or other acute inflammations of the nose. These sprays are indicated in chronic rhinitis or sinusitis and nasal polyps, where they relieve or, often, control chronic inflammation.
The continuous use of sprays containing only cortisocosteroids is allowed, and for very long periods of time, always with the guidance of a specialist doctor. The reason is that the medicine they contain is absorbed into the circulation in zero or negligible amounts, hence, our nose gets cortisone but not us! Thus, the serious side effects of chronic cortisone use, such as hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis, etc., are not caused.
At the same time, cortisone, when used topically in the nose, does not cause addiction and medicinal rhinitis, as with decongestants.
In conclusion, we should emphasize that it is not nasal sprays containing cortisone that are dangerous for prolonged use, but those containing decongestants!
Finally, it is good to avoid inhaling strongly, at the same time as spraying. This causes a large amount of the medicine is drawn towards the pharynx and does not reach the nasal mucosa.
Got a stuffy nose from allergies or a cold? Nasal irrigation may help. Pouring a saltwater (saline) solution into one nostril will help alleviate the symptoms. As it flows through your nasal cavity into the other nostril, it washes out mucus and allergens. Irrigation can benefit people who have sinus problems, nasal allergies, colds, and even flu symptoms. It can help both adults and kids.
Allergic rhinitis is a disease that affects many people around the world and 10% in our country. The pathology is multifaceted, thus treating allergic rhinitis has many components.
Treating Allergic Rhinitis
Seasonal allergic rhinitis is a common condition caused by allergies to various allergens. These allergens can be pollen suspended from trees, flowers, grasses or even weeds. Allergens can also be fungal spores. Pollen and spores are abundant in the air at certain times of the year, especially in spring.
The main treatments used to treat the symptoms of allergic rhinitis in our specialized center EYiasis are avoidance of allergens, pharmacotherapy, acupuncture, therapeutic intranasal EY-LLLT and alternative therapies such as gemmotherapy and medical essential oils.
In addition, specific immunotherapy is the only treatment, which not only relieves patients’ symptoms, but also neutralizes their causative agents in our body. Immunotherapy is applied after the identification of the allergen, to desensitize the patient.
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with or without nasal polyps is a common inflammatory disease of the nose and paranasal sinuses that has a significant impact on patients’ quality of life. Nasal blockage, facial pain, headaches, nasal discharge and loss of smell are the main symptoms that trouble these patients.
Treating CRS and its symptoms can sometimes be disappointing and tiresome, so many patients search for alternative medical approaches to relieve their symptoms. EYiasis medical centre provides effective results with a combination of holistic treatments in order to manage chronic rhinosinusitis and the bothersome symptoms.
Acupuncture is an ancient and very effective treatment for ailments of the nasal passages and sinuses. Immediate relief occurs, after a few acupuncture sessions, such as reduction of nasal congestion and pain relief or pressure in the sinuses. Acupuncture has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects on the body, helping to reduce the inflammation in the sinus cavities and decrease pain levels. Acupuncture also naturally helps with the movement of fluids inside the body, and can assist in the breakdown of congested mucous (1).
EY-LLLT treatment for Nasal Polyps
Adjuvant Low level laser therapy (EY-LLLT) is also implemented in the holistic therapeutic protocol, as EY-LLLT has important therapeutic effects such as biostimulation, anti-inflammatory, anti bacterial and analgetic effecst. Applying EY-LLLT decreases and eventually eliminates nasal inflammation and nasal congestion (2,3,4). Review studies have shown that anti inflammatory effects of low-level lasers are the same as anti inflammatory effects of non-steroidal ant-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs (2). In cases of blockage due to nasal polyps in EY-LLLT causes shrinkage and disappearance of polyps thus improving nasal breathing.
Psychological symptoms also improve significantly as does sense of taste, smell and nasal congestion.
1) Pfab F, Schalock PC, Napadow V, Athanasiadis GI, Huss-Marp J, Ring J. Acupuncture for allergic disease therapy–the current state of evidence. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2014 Jul;10(7):831-41.
2) Naghdi S, Ansari NN, Fathali M, Bartley J, Varedi M, Honarpishe R. Pilot study into the effect of low-level laser therapy in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Physiother theory Pract. 2013;29:596–603.
3) Isser DK, Sett S, Saha BP. The role of laser radiation therapy in maxillary sinusitis: Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002;54:208–15.
4) Krespi Y, Kizhner V. Phototherapy for chronic rhinosinusitis. Lasers Surg Med. 2011;43:187–91